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Description

  • Clinically prove 2:1 ratio of simple to complex carbohydrates
  • 190kcal per gel, along with Betaine, Beta-alanine, Sodium Bicarbonate, and essential Electrolytes
  • For an Isotonic solution, blend with 20-27 fl oz (600-800ml) water
  • Co-developed with World Champion Camille Herron & Elite Trail Runner Hayden Hawks, along with crucial involvement from many of the Unived Elite Athletes

CONCEPT

In 2017 we began toying with the idea of creating a new gel & drink mix, with the desire to deliver the maximum hourly caloric intake via carbohydrates, while also reducing potential GI distress which can be caused by continuous nutrition intake paired with excessive physiological stress – both of which occur during long training sessions and long grueling races.

Our research showed us that while we can consume any amount of carbohydrates in an hour, we can only oxidize and absorb a very specific amount. Usually, when we consume more than we can oxidize, we create a bottleneck in the gut, and this sets off a chain of unpleasant experiences, some of which manifest in the form of GI distress, stomach and abdominal pain, and result in athletes slowing down or dropping out due to severe discomfort.

Glucose, is oxidized via the SGLT1 pathway at a rate of 1g/minute, resulting in 60g/hour. Fructose, is oxidized via a completely different pathway, GLUT5. When we combine these multiple transportable carbohydrates in a 2:1 ratio, the total rate of ingested carbohydrate can exceed 1.5g/minute or 90g/hour[1]. This is possible because the carbohydrates are oxidized via non-competing pathways.  

The Unived Elite line of products have been formulated for activities lasting greater than two hours. The Unived Elite Drink Mix & Elite Gels have the same optimal 2:1 ratio of simple to complex carbohydrates. Both offer you 30 grams of simple carbohydrates, and 15 grams of complex carbohydrates, for a total of 45 grams of carbohydrates, and 190kcal, per serving.   

The other ingredients in the two products have been adjusted in a manner to provide additional support to the body based on climatic conditions. We have made the assumption that one may consume more of the isotonic Unived Elite Drink Mix during the day when temperatures peak, perspiration rates are high, and thirst increases; and that one may prefer the Unived Elite Gels during cooler periods of the day, and at night, when perspiration rates are low, and the body is not as thirsty.   

During the day when temperatures peak, you will experience high perspiration and your body will lose both fluids & electrolytes. You must aim to replace both, and hence may want to consume more of the Unived Elite Drink Mix and less of the Unived Elite Gels. Apart from 45 grams of carbohydrates, the Unived Elite Drink Mix contains 1 gram of Betaine which acts as an osmoprotectant, protecting your cells from environmental stress under heat & humidity, 400mg of Beta-Alanine which buffers the acidity that builds up in our active muscles during exercise, 200mg of Sodium Bicarbonate which delays the onset of fatigue produced by lactic acid build-up, and all the essential electrolytes required to re-hydrate you. These ingredients are important as they aid you in maintaining your performance, especially during challenging climatic conditions.   

During cooler times and also at night, you may experience less perspiration and may want to consume more of the Unived Elite Gel which is a concentrated source of fuel, and a little less of the Unived Drink Mix. Apart from 45 grams of carbohydrates, the Unived Elite Gel contains 400mg of Beta-Alanine which buffers the acidity that builds up in our active muscles during exercise, 200mg of Sodium Bicarbonate which delays the onset of fatigue produced by lactic acid build-up, and all the essential electrolytes required to re-hydrate you. As the Unived Elite Gel is a concentrated energy source, its main role is to deliver energy and supporting nutrients to your body with an instant consumption.   

Irrespective of the time of the day, to gain maximum benefit from the Unived Elite Endurance Fuel system, you must aim to consume two servings per hour, to get 90 grams of carbohydrates and 380kcal, per hour.  

Always remember to consume the Unived Elite Recovery Mix within 20 minutes of completing a hard training run, or a race, for optimal recovery. For ultra-distance activities, you may follow through with a second serving, 30 minutes after you consume the first. 

Unived Elite Drink Mix, kicks in to offset physical electrolyte losses and supply you with additional energy – so can you stay on target and focus on your goal. Unived Elite Drink Mix is an isotonic sports drink, that keeps your hydration and fluid uptake levels optimal throughout your endurance activity. Body salts such as sodium, potassium, magnesium, and chloride replace your electrolyte losses, support muscle protein synthesis, facilitate fluid uptake, and prevent muscle cramps. Beta-alanine supports and dramatically reduce fatigue. The key osmolyte maintains fluid balance and protects cells, proteins, and enzymes from environmental stresses like heat. It also releases energy and improves physical endurance.

2:1 CARBOHYDRATE RATIO

During very prolonged exercise, ingestion of Glucose and Fructose, in a 2:1 ratio, results in greater carbohydrate oxidation rates than the ingestion of an isoenergetic amount of Glucose alone[2]. 

This is due to the fact that more than one transport mechanism is called into use, as Glucose is transported via the sodium glucose pathway, SGLT1, and Fructose is transported via a different pathway, GLUT5[3]. 

At our maximum capacity, we can transport Glucose via SGLT1 at a rate of 1gram per minute, resulting in 60grams per hour. However, when we co-ingest Glucose and Fructose, in a 2:1 ratio, we are able to transport 1.5grams per minute, resulting in 90grams per hour. 

The total lactate oxidation increases when we consume Glucose and Fructose, in a 2:1 ratio. This corresponds to lactate oxidation in our active muscle fibres, while part of the lactate oxidation may also take place in our heart muscles as lactate is efficiently used as an energy fuel in cardiomyocytes during exercise. Hepatic lactate update and conversion into glucose contributes substantially to total lactate disappearance. When multiple transportable carbohydrates (Glucose and Fructose, in a 2:1 ratio) are ingested during exercise, both hepatic lactate and glucose availability increase significantly when compared to ingestion of glucose alone. The total carbohydrate oxidation increases, essentially due to an enhanced oxidation of lactate. Because lactate is essentially oxidized by working skeletal muscles during exercise, co-ingestion of Glucose and Fructose not only allows an increase in total carbohydrate oxidation beyond what may be obtained with ingestion of Glucose alone, but it also provides additional oxidative fuel to active skeletal muscles during exercise[4] 

Consumption of 90grams of carbohydrate per hour, from a co-ingestion of Glucose and Fructose in a 2:1 ratio, has the potential to spare muscle glycogen oxidation relative to lower doses of single carbohydrate ingestion, or even higher multiple carbohydrate ingestion. Ingesting higher amounts of either single or multiple transportable carbohydrates, can create an ‘over-dose’ effect, whereby effective and beneficial muscle glycogen oxidation and exercise performance and diminished[5]. Therefore, it is important to remember that you should not exceed the maximum ingestion of the products, which stands at 90gram per hour of Glucose and Fructose in a 2:1 ratio – this means either two Unived Elite Gels, or two Unived Drink Mixes, or one Unived Gel and one Unived Drink Mix, per hour.  

There is also evidence that co-ingestion of Glucose and Fructose, in a 2:1 ratio, increases intestinal water absorption by 65% as compared with ingestion of Glucose alone[6]

Unived Elite Drink Mix Dual Energy SourcePRODUCT DESCRIPTION

Unived’s Elite Gel & Elite Drink Mix have been formulated to deliver multiple transportable carbohydrates in the optimal 2:1 ratio of simple to complex carbohydrates. It is clinically proven that when we combine Glucose, which is oxidized via the SGLT1 pathway at a rate of 1g/min or 60g/hr, with Fructose, which is oxidized via the GLUT5 pathway, in a 2:1 ratio, the rate of ingested carbohydrate can exceed 1.5g/min or 90g/hr.

The 2:1 ratio ensures a happy gut as it reduces abdominal cramps and improves gastrointestinal distress, due to a faster intestinal absorption of carbohydrates, and increases intestinal water absorption by 65% as compared with glucose alone[7].

Unived’s Elite Gel & Elite Drink Mix each contain 30g simple + 15g complex carbohydrates, per packet. The reason to go with 30+15 in both products, is to give you the freedom to consume either two Elite Gels, two Elite Drink Mixes, or one Elite Gel + one Elite Drink Mix, per hour, and still get the maximum hourly carbohydrate intake totaling to 90g carbohydrates and 380kcal, per hour.

In addition, we’ve included Betaine which works as an osmoprotectant (only in the Elite Drink Mix), protecting cells against dehydration by increasing their water retention[8], Beta-Alanine which helps improve performance by buffering the acidity in active muscles during high-intensity exercise [9, 10, 11], Sodium Bicarbonate which delays the onset of fatigue by buffering the hydrogen ions produced by lactic acid buildup, and all the essential Electrolytes to aid re-hydration.

Endurance activities are always challenging and as the hours roll on, our body begins to respond to ongoing stress, external conditions, and various internal reactions, often leading our pallet and stomach to frequently change their flavour and substrate requirements.

Now, with the choice of a gel or a drink mix, various flavours, non-caffeine and caffeinated options, you have the ability to plan your hourly caloric and caffeine intake in a manner that ensures optimal peak performance.